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Manual Arts High School JROTC

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Cadet Reference

STUDY FOR YOUR ORAL BOARDS

The 11 Principles of Leadership
1. Know yourself and seek self-improvement.
2. Be technically and tactically proficient.
3. Know your subordinates and look out for their welfare.
4. Keep your subordinates informed.
5. Set the example.
6. Insure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished.
7. Train your subordinates as a team.
8. Make sound and timely decisions.
9. Develop a sense of responsibility among your subordinates.
10. Employ your command in accordance with its capabilities.
11. Seek responsibility and take resposibility for your actions.

Leadership Traits
 
Bearing: Creating a favorable impression in carriage, appearance and personal conduct at all times.
Courage: A mental quality, which recognizes fear or danger or criticism, but enables the individual to meet danger or opposition with calmness and firmness.
Decisiveness: Ability to make decisions promptly and then express them in a clear and forceful manner.
Dependability: The certainty of sincere interest and exuberance.
Endurance: Mental and physical stamina measured by the ability to stand pain, fatigue, distress, and hardship.
Enthusiasm: The display of sincere interest and exuberance.
Initiative: A quality of seeing what has to be done and commencing a course of action.
Integrity: Uprightness of character and soundness of moral principle. The quality of absolute thruthfulness and honesty.
Judgment: Weighing facts and possible solutions on which to base sound decisions.
Justice: Being impartial and consistent in exercising command.
Knowledge: Acquired information including professional knowledge and understanding of your subordinates.
Loyalty: Faithfulness to our country, the Army, your unit, your seniors and subordinates.
Tact: The ability to deal with others without creating offense.
Unselfishness: The avoidance of providing for one's own comfort and personal advancement at the expense of others.
 

JROTC Knowledge
 
What is the definition of Leadership?
Military leadership is the art of influencing and directing men in such a way as to obtain their willing obedience, confidence, respect and loyal cooperation in order to accomplish a mission.
 
What is the Honor Code?
A cadet does not lie, cheat, or steal nor tolerates those who do.
 
What is the mission of JROTC?
The mission of JROTC is to motivate young people to be better citizens.
 
What is the first General Order?
I will guard everything within the limits of my post, and quit my post only when properly relieved.
 
What is the second General Order?
I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner.
 
What is the third General Order?
I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions, to the commander of relief.
 
American Citizenship
 
What are the colors of our flag, and what do they stand for?
Red: Valor
White: Hope, purity and innocence.
Blue: Loyalty and justice.
 
Who created the flag and when?
Betsy Ross in 1777.
 
Who wrote the Star Spangled Banner and when?
Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812.
 
Who elects Congress?
The people.
 
How many senators are there in Congress?
100.
 
What is the Executive Branch of our government?
The president, cabinet, and departments under the cabinet members.
 
What is the Judiciary Branch of our government?
The Supreme Court.
 
Map Reading
 
What are the five major terrain features?
Hill, Saddle, Valley, Ridge, & Depressions.
 
What are the three types of countour lines?
Index, Intermediate, & Supplementary.
 
What is a legend?
Illustrates the symbols used on the map.
 
Longitude lines run in what direction?
North to South.
 
Latitude lines run in what direction?
East to West.
 
First Aid
 
What is the definition of First Aid?
Immediate care given to an injured person to keep him/her alive until medical treatment can be administered.
 
What does CPR stand for?
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
 
What are the 4 life saving steps?
1. Clear the airway.
2. Stop the bleeding.
3. Control shock.
4. Apply dressing.
 
What are arteries?
They carry blood from the heart to all parts of the body.
 
What are veins?
They carry blood from all parts of the body to the heart.